New Initiative To Tackle Leading Killer Of Children

February 23, 2009 at 8:00 am Leave a comment


Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health has received three grants from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation totaling more than $43 million to be used to help understand the causes of pneumonia, which go unidentified in up to one third of patients. Pneumonia kills more children than any other illness. Scaling up proven and available interventions, like pneumococcal vaccines and antibiotic treatments, could prevent many pneumonia deaths. Research to fully understand the causes of pneumonia in the remaining cases could help develop the tools to prevent even more.





The core initiative at Johns Hopkins, called the Pneumonia Etiology Research for Child Health (PERCH), aims to build a new, rigorous evidence base by studying the causes of pediatric pneumonia in five to ten countries across the developing world using state-of-the-art diagnostics.





“Our current information on pneumonia etiology is about to become obsolete,” saidOrin Levine, PhD, associate professor in the Bloomberg School’s Department of International Health, and principal investigator of the project. “Most existing information was generated 10 to 20 years ago with laboratory techniques that hadn’t changed vastly since Louis Pasteur’s time. By applying modern tools with standardized methods, we will be able to provide new, precise information to guide the development of new vaccines and treatments.”





Two additional Johns Hopkins studies will strengthen the initiative’s fight against pneumonia and related diseases. Hope Johnson, PhD, MPH, will project the burden of disease in adolescents and adults attributable to two dangerous bacteria – the pneumococcus and the meningococcus – that together cause many cases of pneumonia and other life-threatening illnesses such as meningitis. Jennifer Moïsi, MHS, will undertake an evaluation of diagnostic methods for pneumococcal disease, a major cause of childhood pneumonia, particularly in the developing world. Together these projects will influence the development and deployment of lifesaving vaccines throughout the world.





The pneumonia initiative, based at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health’s Department of International Health, follows on the heels of the successful PneumoADIP project at the School, which accelerated access to childhood pneumococcal vaccines for the developing world by nearly 10 years. Through the new initiative, the Johns Hopkins group continues to advance protection for all children against pneumonia.





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Article adapted by Medical News Today from original press release.

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The Johns Hopkins University and Hospital were founded through a $7 million bequest from Baltimore merchant Johns Hopkins, who died in 1873. Private philanthropy to the Johns Hopkins Institutions provides vital funding for student and faculty support, research and academic programs, and infrastructure needs.





Source:Tim Parsons


Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

[Via http://www.medicalnewstoday.com]

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